India’s top 20 languages have grown more than fivefold since 2000, according to a new study.
The country is home to more than 30 million people and has more than two dozen official languages, including English, Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Telugu and Pashto.
It also has two official languages for schools, and one official language for business and government.
The study, released on Wednesday, shows that the number of speakers in each language grew from 1.8 million in 2000 to 4.2 million in 2016.
It said the number had grown even faster in the past decade.
The new data also show that English has overtaken Hindi as the country’s second-most spoken language, after Bengali.
In 2016, the total number of people who spoke Urdu and English in India was about 14 million and 6 million, respectively.